Trees, Intestines and William The Conqueror
Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Faculty of Science and Letters, Department of History
Keywords: William the Conqueror, Herleva, intestines, tree, Artemidorus, dream interpretation, Tree of Jesse, William of Malmesbury
Although founding dreams are a worldwide tradition in the chronicles of the Middle Ages, they have not taken attention enough. This article shows that, as a founding dream, the dream of William the Conqueror's mother is fi rstly crated by William of Malmesbury infl uenced by Classics and the dream interpretation tradition coming through Greeks. Later, Wace and Benoit, by preserving its frame, rewrite the dream in a way of which is more understandable to the twelfth century European common man. This article will uncover evidences through dream interpretation sources, mainly Artemidorus, and medieval European cultural fi gures, mainly Tree of Jesse. This is a possible scenario for how the dream of Herleva was created and developed.