Sedat Erkut

Keywords: Bogazkoy Tablets, Cuneiform, Kültepe Text, Amūtu(m)

Abstract

Discussions have been held for 70 years on the question what elemant or mineral in our day the word amutum, which appears in the cuneiform texts of the period of the Assyrian Trade Colonies and is understood to be implying a kind of mineral or metal valued more precious than gold by the standarts of that time, actualy corresponds to. Prevailing view held in these discussions was that amutum was iron, whereas some scholars suggested that it could be platin and some others tried to prove it to be a metal simalar to tin. My research on the subject has led me to the belief that it is a precious stone, namely ametis (quartz), which can be easily melted and wrought as iron and can be used to make ornaments as well.