Science-Sword-Bureau: Ternary Functional Differentiaton in Ottoman Public Personnel Regime
Keywords: Science, Sword, Bureau, Ottoman
According to Weberian-orientalist typology, there is no rationality in the East, and so, there is no rational bureaucracy also. It may be said that, since, the non-existing structure has been defined and the existing structure would be named as patrimonial bureaucracy. Hence, the comparisons build question formulated as arguments and phenomenons which are used for modern times of West can be found or not in Ottoman. In this study, we will try to analyse the "ternary-functional differentiation" found in Ottoman personnel regime. In doing this, we stiuate this differentiation as sub-cluster of Ottoman bureaucratic structure in general. By this way, it will be possible to escape from the false assessments declaring that in Ottoman history, there couldn't be found such notions as rattionality, public service which is seen as predecessor of modern national state. In this context, after a general overwiev on studies on Ottoman bureaucratic structure, we analyse this ternary functional differentiation (İlmiyye-kalemiyye-seyfiyye) with refernce to Sultan Fatih Mehmet's Law on state organization.