The Relations Between the Ottomans, Zionists and Palestinian Jews as Refl ected in Israeli History Textbooks
Social Sciences University of Ankara, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Department of History
Keywords: Israel, history textbooks, Ottoman Empire, Palestine, Zionism, Aliyah
Israeli history textbooks published since 1948 dwell at length on the Ottoman government's relations with the Zionists and its policies toward the Palestinian Jews. Explaining the Ottomans' opposition to Jewish settlement in Palestine, the textbooks acknowledge their concern that a non-Muslim majority could emerge there to demand autonomy or independence, as had happened earlier in the Balkans. However, they sharply criticize the wartime policies of Jamal Pasha against the Jewish community in Palestine. Although they concede that the majority of the community remained loyal to the Ottoman government, they mainly attribute this to their fears of a harsh retaliation from the part of the government. In contrast, they consider the pro-British activities of Nili and the Hebrew Battalions as the right kind of investment for the future of the community.