Land Regime in Bosnia-Herzegoniva: Eshâb-ı Alâka and Relations among the Farmers (1840-1875)
Tevfik Güran1, Ahmet Uzun2
Keywords: Ottoman Empire, Bosnia-Herzegoniva, Land Regime, Eshâb-ı Alâka, Farmers, Timar System
This study aimed at exploring general tendencies of agricultural relations between chiftliks holders (eshâb-ı alâka) and tenants or chiftliks cultivators in Bosnia-Herzegovina during the period 1840-1875. The tax/rent burden of cultivators in the region was heavy because the Muslim-Turk beys or sipahis holded the most parts of cultivated lands. The Ottoman Administration made most efforts to solve problems between tenants and landholders and took measures to satisfy them. Although some legistlative arrangements in favour of unlanded cultivators put into effect, various groups as local sipahis and landholders hindered reforms which made by Ottoman goverment. So desired results can not be obtained.