ISSN: 0041-4255
e-ISSN: 2791-6472

Martin Ferguson Smıth

Keywords: Charles Fellows, Lycian Cities, Xanthos, Tlos, Archaeological Expedition


The English explorer and antiquary Charles Fellows (1799 - 1860) is best known for his travels in Asia Minor, especially in Lycia. On his first expedition to Asia Minor, in 1838, he discovered two important Lycian cities, Xanthos and Tlos. He described and illustrated his discoveries in A journal written during an Excursion in Asia Minor (London, 1839). The publication of this Journal, and Fellows numerous drawings and inscriptions, aroused so much interest that the Trustees of the British Museum applied to Lord Palmerston, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, to ask the Sultan for a firman authorizing the removal of some of the Lycian works of art. In February 1840 Fellows returned to Asia Minor, to continue the exploration of Lycia and, in anticipation of possessing the firman from the Sultan, to point out the most desirable objects to take away. This second expedition was highly successful in that eleven more Lycian cities were discovered, but disappoin.ting in that, despite the diplomatic efforts of Lord Ponsonby, British Ambassador at Constantinople, the firman could not be obtained.