The Archaeological Excavation and Conservation Work of Yerkurgan Central Temple (Uzbekistan/Kashkadarya)
Keywords: Central Asia, Sogdiana, Fire Temple, Archaeology, Conservation
This article is about archaeological excavation in Central Temple of Yerkurgan City Ruin in South Sogdiana (Uzbekistan/Kashkadarya) in 2017. Archaeological works started in 2013 and continued in 2017 in Central Temple, which functions as a fi re temple in connection with Zoroastrianism. As a result of the archaeological excavation conducted in 2017, a later period fl oor and a fi re altar were identifi ed on the upper layer. The fi re altar was unearthed in the northern section of the squareplan structure, which was positioned in four main directions. This fi re altar is on the same axis as the gate in the middle of the south wall. In this excavation, the upper part of a wall belonging to the earlier period was unearthed under the upper fl oor. This wall starts from the altar in the north and extends to the center of the building. Besides these architectural fi nds, daily and ritual ceramics were unearthed. Among these ritual ceramics, a serpent fi gure ceramic is noteworthy.